Ask the Nurse; What is Heat Exhaustion Vs. Heat Stroke?

April 29, 2018

With summer coming soon, people are looking forward to working outside.

What is Heat Exhaustion versus Heat Stroke & What can I do to prevent it?

Heat exhaustion symptoms and treatment:

  1. Dizziness or fainting.
  2. Weakness or fatigue.
  3. Nausea or vomiting.
  4. Heavy sweating.
  5. Weak, rapid pulse.
  6. Muscle cramps.
  7. Headache, pale or flushed face.

Prevention:

  1. Drink plenty of fluid, take frequent breaks.
  2. Remove tight or unnecessary clothing.
  3. Sponge bath with cool water.
  4. Lay down and elevate legs.
  5. Apply fans or ice towels.

Heat Stroke is more serious and can lead to death. Any of the following symptoms need immediate medical attention:

  1. Nausea with vomiting.
  2. Red hot skin with a fever of 104 degrees or greater. Dry skin, no sweating.
  3. Racing heart rate with rapid breathing.
  4. Altered mental state or behavior.
  5. Extreme weakness.